Winsor, Justin [editor]. The Memorial History of Boston, including Suffolk County, Massachusetts, 1630-1880 (four volume set). Boston: Ticknor and Company, 1880-1881. First Edition.
Four large volumes in black textured cloth, 8 1/4 x 11 1/2 inches, bright gilt titles to spines & fronts, titles in blind on rear boards, vols. i.-iii. with minor fraying to the spine ends, tight bindings. Vol. iv. has a few small holes in the cloth, and the front and back end paper hinges are torn, with nothing detached. The contents are clean and very good, with offsetting from the tissue guards to the corresponding plates & text pages. Brilliant color map of Boston in vol. i. (see notes on map below). xxxii., 596. lviii., 577; xii., 691; x., 713 pp. Each volume with an index and numerous plates and illustrations. Good. Hardcover. 
An unequaled historical reference set on colonial, Revolutionary, and 19th-century Boston and vicinity. The result of over 60 prominent historians, each writing on their own specialty. The prominence of the Puritan religion and mindset is here on display.
The volumes are I. Early and Colonial Periods; II. Provincial Period; III. Revolutionary Period. The Last Hundred Years, Pt. 1; The Last Hundred Years, Pt. 2. Special Topics.
"Winsor served as general editor and coordinator of the four-volume Memorial History of Boston, riding herd on sixty-four contributors with the assistance of an advisory committee drawn from the ranks of leading members of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Winsor himself contributed introductory matter, critical notes in essay form, and numerous citations to sources, correcting and amplifying the work of other contributors. In addition to chapters on literature and on libraries, Winsor contributed an essay on 'The Earliest Maps of Massachusetts Bay and Boston Harbor' and annotated lists of maps of Boston and vicinity to 1850...His interests in more general aspects of discovery were represented by chapters by others on 'Early European Voyages in Massachusetts Bay' and 'The Earliest Explorations and Settlement of Boston Harbor.' Thanks to the interest of publisher James R. Osgood in the heliotype process, Winsor was able to include numerous facsimiles of old maps and views, immensely enriching the narrative texts." - Koelsch, A Profound Though Special Erudition: Juston Winsor as Historian of Discovery, American Antiquarian Society.
The map in vol. i. - "One hundred years of reclaiming land drew attention from locals and scholars alike. Justin Winsor, who was the superintendent of the Boston Public Library and then the Harvard Librarian, produced this map for his four-volume, The Memorial History of Boston (1880-1881). The map overlays seventeenth-century Boston over Boston in 1880 to illustrate the sheer amount of fill in the current city. By some accounts, the city proper doubled in area because of filled land. Winsor also included shading to show the lost topography of the city. The colors further accentuate the difference between hills (in shading), flat land (in yellow), marshes (in green), and the water (in blue). Maps like this animate the vertigo of understanding that so much of the city around you was once the unstable sand swept in and out with the tides." - Building Boston, Shaping Shorelines: An exhibition of the Harvard Map Collection online.