Thornwell, J. H. The Rights and the Duties of Masters; A Sermon preached at the Dedication of a Church, erected in Charleston, S. C., for the benefit and instruction of the Coloured Population. Charleston, S. C.: Steam-Power Press of Walker & James, 1850. First Edition. 
Printed faded pink wrapper, 5 3/4 x 9 inches, vertical center crease, 51 clean pp., minor corner bump. Very good. Pamphlet.
The text is Colossians 4:1, "Masters, give to your Servants that which is just and equal; knowing that ye also have a master in Heaven."
Thornwell defends the institution of Southern slavery.
"The slave-holding States of this confederacy have been placed under the ban of the publick opinion of the civilized world. The philanthropy of Christendom seems to have concentrated its sympathies upon us. We have been denounced, with every epithet of vituperation and abuse, as conspirators against the dignity of man - traitors to our race, and rebels against God. Overlooking, with a rare expansion of benevolence, the evils which press around their own doors, the vices and crimes and sufferings of their own neighbors and countrymen, the philanthropists of Europe and this country can find nothing worth weeping for but the sufferings and degradation of the Southern slave, and nothing worth reviling but the avarice, inhumanity and cruelty of the Southern master, and nothing worth labouring to extirpate but the system which embodies these outrages and wrongs. So monstrous are the misrepresentations which ignorance, malice and fanaticism are constantly and assiduously propagating in regard to this relation among us, that if our names were not actually written under the pictures, we should never suspect that they were intended for us...This insane fury of philanthropy has not been content with speculating upon our degradation and wretchedness at a distance. It has aimed at stirring up an insurrection in our midst."
James Henley Thornwell (1812-1862), b. Marlboro District, SC; prominent Old School Presbyterian minister, educator, editor, and author. He taught at both South Carolina College and Columbia Theological Seminary. Thornwell founded the Southern Presbyterian Review, edited the Southern Quarterly Review, and had a prominent role in establishing the Presbyterian Church in the Confederate States of America. Thornwell preached the first sermon and wrote the first address for the new denomination. He died on August 1, 1862 after a long struggle with tuberculosis.