Chauncy, Charles. Seasonable Thoughts on the State of Religion in New-England, A Treatise in five Parts. Boston: Printed by Rogers and Fowle, for Samuel Eliot, 1743. First Edition.
Recently bound in half leather and marbled boards, 6 panels to spine, raised bands, red leather title label in gilt, label and top band somewhat cocked. 4 7/8 x 7 1/2, original end paper with "Hannah Flagge" in ink laid in, new marbled end papers, private round emboss stamp on ffep, xxx., 18 (subscriber's list), 424 generally clean pp., tight. Very good. 
Title continues: I. Faithfully pointing out the Things of a Bad and Dangerous Tendency, in the late, and present, religious Appearance, in the Land. II. Representing the Obligations which lie upon the Pastors of these Churches in particular, and upon All in general, to use their Endeavours to suppress prevailing Disorders; with the Great Danger of a Neglect in so important a Matter. III. Opening, in many Instances, wherein the Discouragers of Irregularities have been Injuriously Treated. IV. Shewing what ought to be Corrected, or Avoided, in testifying against the Evil Things of the present Day. V. Directing our Thot's more positively, to what may be judged Best Expedients, to promote pure and undefiled Religion in these Times. With a Preface Giving an Account of the Antinomians, Familists and Libertines, who infected these Churches, above an hundred Years ago: Very needful for these Days; the Like Spirit, and Errors, prevailing now as did then. The Whole being intended, and calculated, to serve the Interest of Christ's Kingdom.
ESTC W29095; Evans, 5151; Sabin, 12327.
Roberts, Revival Literature no. 1043: "The list of subscribers to this influential volume against the Great Awakening, George Whitefield, Gilbert Tennent, &c. covers 18 pages. Chauncey's anti-revival influence was immense."
Charles Chauncy, D. D. (1705-1787), born in Boston, Massachusetts; entered Harvard College at twelve years of age, and graduated in 1721. “…being regarded as one of the best scholars who had, at that time, received the honours of the institution…Dr. Chauncy was a stern opposer, from beginning to end, of the great religious excitement that prevailed in New England and elsewhere, in connection with the labours of Whitefield and his coadjutors. His first publication, bearing directly on the subject, was a Sermon on Enthusiasm, in the year 1742, which is justly considered one of his most vigorous productions. The next year he published an elaborate work, entitled ‘Seasonable Thoughts on the State of Religion in New England.’…[In 1744] he published a Letter to the Rev. George Whitefield, calling on him to defend his conduct or confess his faults…Dr. Chauncy, though he did not by any means stand alone in his views of the then existing state of things, differed from the great mass of his brethren, in contemplating the case as one of unmixed evil…and opposed it with all the energy he could command.” – Sprague. Chauncy "was undoubtedly the most influential clergyman of his time in Boston, and, with the exception of Jonathan Edwards, in all New England" [DAB].